Heating efficiency can be viewed from a few angles. Cheap is good, of course, but there are other factors to consider when evaluating efficiency as a whole. For example, solar or geothermal energy are excellent when it comes to environmental effects. But often cannot produce the heating results of traditional fossil fuels. Efficiency, therefore, depends on several factors which, combined, produce the best result.
Heating efficiency pre-requisites
Before you start thinking about which kind of fuel or method you should use to keep your home warm during the long winter months. You should take the following into consideration. First of all, check the insulation of your house.
Your home has to be well insulated and air-sealed. It minimizes heat to escape. Also, do your research and check the availability of different fuels in your surroundings. Even if the wood burning furnace is the quickest and cheapest solution for you. The price of fire wood in your area might be high compared to some other parts of the country.
What makes up an efficient heating system?
Heating efficiency is the combined result of three main factors: environmental costs, conversion of energy and financial costs and installation. Some heating solutions rely on fossil fuels like gas and oil, and they provide a good rate of energy conversion (fuel into heat). But they carry the environmental stigma because they produce polluting greenhouse gasses. On the other hand, solar or geothermal energy sources are unbeatable when it comes to environmental effects. They are completely „green,“ meaning they have no direct negative impacts on the environment.
Energy conversion efficiency is described as the difference between the energy invested and thermal energy produced. Geothermal sources are unbeatable here. Because as much as four times as much thermal energy is gained with the energy from the earth than invested as electricity to run the pumps which extract the heated water.
Here at West Orange heating and cooling, we believe that solar energy is at the top of the efficiency list, when all things are considered. But will not keep your home warm during the long, dark winters. Other energy sources have to be individually assessed taking into account specific heating demands.
Natural gas and wood are still common and acceptable solutions, and geothermal energy is good for larger buildings. Electric heating is the least efficient model.